Factsheet for experts
Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of a microorganism (e.g., a bacterium, a virus) to resist the action of an antimicrobial agent. The major cause of antimicrobial resistance remains the use of antimicrobials in human medicine.
Factsheet for general public
Antibiotic resistance is a natural occurrence caused by mutations in bacteria’s genes. Inappropriate use of antibiotics accelerates the emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.